Every 31st of May, the “World No Tobacco Day”; or the “Non-Smoking Day”; is celebrated with the objective of emphasizing the risks and consequences of smoking, in an attempt to raise awareness among people of different ages to reduce their consumption, since it has extremely negative effects on health, such as heart disease, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, irritation in the eyes, nose and chest, acne and sexual impotence.
There is a law in our country that regulates the consumption, sale and advertising of products that contain tobacco. This law is better known as: the “anti-tobacco law”; and was declared in 2006. In recent years, efforts have been made to regulate consumption and to inform the young public of the risks involved in constantly consuming it. All efforts made by laws and regulator entitities to minimize consumption have borne fruit in the last 10 years, as their acquisition declined from 32 to 12% in our population.
Worldwide, more than 24 million adolescents between the ages of 13 and 15 smoke cigarettes, and about 4% use smokeless tobacco products. Also, in our country there are almost half a million young people between the ages of 19 and 24 who have developed the habit of smoking. We can associate this act not so much for pleasure, but because at that certain age the desire to experiment arises and social pressure is also present.
But not all are negative effects, it also has interesting health benefits. Nicotine is a stimulant of the circulatory system and causes increased activity in our body. In addition, it greatly helps people suffering from diseases such as: Parkinson’s, Tourette’s Syndrome, obesity and Alzheimer’s, moreover, decreases its occurrence by 50%, and also reduces the risk of a heart attack.
In any case, it is essential to know that these benefits will be fulfilled as long as we consume it responsibly and in adequate quantities. It takes 15 years for the human body to eliminate all inputs from a cigarette and reduce the risk of a heart disease in the same probabilites as a person who has never smoked in his or her life. The more years of quitting smoking, the greater the risk of lung cancer.
Escribe: Antonella Huamaní Guevara – VII Ciclo